When a sudden, external and physical assault damages occur on an individual’s brain is referred to as Acquired brain injury. It results in causing disability to a person and some cases it causes death. A vast array of injuries that occurs that someone brain usually describes the condition an individual is undergoing. The degree of the brain damage ranges from a concussion which is moderate to a severe injury that results in coma or even death. Traumatic brain injuries is another name used to describe the condition.
Brain injuries got by an individual from a mild concussion, their symptoms with the proper medical care they disappear over time. The brain injury from a severe shock may result in permanent disability of an individual. The effects of brain injury are categorized into two groups’ namely cognitive and motor deficits. Examples of cognitive effects are coma, attention span is shortened, amnesia, solving deficits problems, judgmental problems, inability to understand abstract concepts, loss of sense of time and space, awareness of self and others is decreased and inability to accept more than one command. Examples of motor deficits are paralysis and weakness, spasticity, balance is poor, decreased endurance, failure to plan motor movements, delays in the initiation and so on.
There are various causes of head injury in adults and children. The popular cause of brain injury is from motor vehicle accidents, from falls, from violence or a result of child abuse. The bruising of the brain and the damage internal tissue and blood vessels occurs when there is a direct blow to an individual’s head. A coup lesion refers a bruise directly related to the trauma at the site of the impact. When the brain is jarred against the sides of the skull, it causes the internal linings, tissues and blood vessels to be sheared which leads to bruising, internal bleeding or the swelling of the brain.
Brain injury types
There are two types of brain injury which include primary and secondary brain injuries. When there is a sudden profound damage to the brain and the duration of impact is incomplete is considered as the primary type. On the other hand, the secondary type is when the changes that develop over a period after the initial brain damage.
Various research and studies have shown that the moment the brain cells are damaged or destroyed, the cells do not regenerate. In some cases, a recovery can occur after a brain injury has happened. At the time of harm, the exact amount of recovery is not predictable. For a complete recovery from a severe brain injury, a prolonged process of treatment and rehabilitation is needed.